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INDIGENOUS STUDIES 2M06 - Indigenous Knowledge, Research and Methodology

Writing Help

McMaster University's Academic Support at the Student Success Centre

Meet with writing assistants to receive help in:

  • topic and thesis development
  • constructing a strong argument
  • essay organization and structure
  • referencing and formatting

among other services.

Academic Integrity

The Office of Academic Integrity strives to assist instructors and students with issues of academic integrity.

The Office of Academic Integrity provides information for students and instructors alike to assist with the pursuit of knowledge and scholarship and to help avoid problems with dishonesty.

The most current Academic Integrity Policy is dated April 10, 2013 (effective July 1, 2013).

APA 7th Edition

This video given a general overview and introduction to APA style citations, based on the 7th edition of the APA Style Manual. (3:07)

APA 6th Edition

Confused about how to cite? This video explains the fundamentals of APA citations. (2:49)

Transcript (PDF) | Transcript (.docx)

Research and Writing in Indigenous Studies

APA Style Guide

APA In Text Citations

APA In-text Citations First time cited in text: 1 author: (Name, Year) OR Name (Year). 2 authors (Name and Name, Year) OR Name and Name (Year). 3+ authors (Name et al., Year) OR Name et al. (Year).  Tips: When citing two more works in the same parentheses order them alphabetically. For 3 or more authors- when citing works with similar groups of authors avoid ambiguity by writing out more names. Anonymous works: are referred to by a title in the signal phrase or by the first word or two in parentheses.  Preparing a Reference List Arrange sources alphabetically by last name (or title if its an anonymous source). Double space entire list (within and between lines). Indent 2nd and subsequent lines of each entry 5-7 spaces from the left margin. Article title should be in sentence case by journal titles should be in title case. Italicize the journal title and volume number. Include issue number in brackets if journal is paginated by issue.  Examples:  Print: Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle. Publisher. Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Year of publication). Title of chapter. In A. A. Editor & B. B. Editor (Eds.),  	Title of book (pp. pages of chapter). Publisher. Electronic:  Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). Title of article. Title of Journal, volume number, page       	range. DOI or http://doi.org/ Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). Title of article. Title of Journal, volume number, page 	range. http://www.journal.com/url Other:  Director, D. D. (Director). (Date of publication). Title of motion picture [Film]. Production company. Writer, W. W. (Writer), & Director, D. D. (Director). (Original air date). Title of episode (Season number, 	Episode number) [Tv series episode]. In P. Executive Producer (Executive Producer), Series title. 	Production company(s). Additional Resources: APAstyle.org.

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