Author not named in text
One critic of Milgram’s experiments insisted that the subjects “should have been fully informed of the possible effects on them” (Baumrind, 2003, p. 34).
Author named in text
Baumrind insisted that the subjects in Milgrim’s study “should have been fully informed of the possible effects on them” (2003, p. 34).
One study demonstrates that "non medical needs may be addressed by anyone on the team" (Csikai & Chaitin, 2006, p. 112).
Only the first author's name, followed by "et al." is necessary.
(Smith et al., 2003)
Smith et al. (2003) argue...
If you are citing multiple works by the same group, or similar group, of authors, listing only the first author would create ambiguity. If this is the case, you'll need to write out more names. For example, if you were citing works with these authors:
Pepinsky, Rentl, Lu, Corson, and Lee (2001)
Pepinsky, Rentl, Stanton, Johnson, and Randall (2001)
They would be cited in-text as follows to avoid ambiguity:
(Pepinsky, Rentl, Lu, et al., 2001)
(Pepinsky, Rentl, Stanton, et al., 2001)
Note: since et al. is plural, it should always replace more than one name. If et al. would stand in for only one author name, write out that author's name instead.
Your reference list should include all the sources you quoted, paraphrased, or summarized in your assignment. This listing appears at the end of your assignment. When formatting your references, follow these standards:
Avoiding Plagiarism Checklist