What is quotation integration? Academic papers include cited ideas from other scholars. We show familiarity with other scholars’ work and build on their thoughts by quoting or paraphrasing them.
IMPORTANT: Use proper punctuation and phrasing to make it clear which words are your own and which words are the work of another writer.
Quotations must never stand alone. Your own words must be part of the same sentence as the quotation. You might introduce quotations with state, claim, show, argue, or write. Enclose quotations in quotation marks to distinguish them from your own words. Note: all quotations require citations! Use citation guidelines indicated by your department or Faculty.
Quotations must serve a purpose. Do not clutter your work with long quotations and avoid block quotations. Quotations must relate directly to your arguments; this means you might only need to quote a single phrase or word instead of an entire sentence. You can use Point—Proof—Explanation so that your thoughts and words appear before and after the quote.
Change the contents of a quotation only when necessary. You might need to make small grammatical alterations to a quotation to fit the grammar of your own sentence. Only make changes that are grammatically necessary! Any changes you make must be indicated in square brackets.
Improve your writing and study skills! Book an appointment with a writing advisor and/or academic coach on OSCARplus. Questions? Email email@example.com.
Buckley, J. (2009). Fit to Print: The Canadian student’s guide to essay writing (7th ed.). Toronto: Nelson.
Lunsford, A. A. (2015). The St. Martin’s handbook (8th ed). Toronto: Nelson.
Vanier College (n. d.). Integrating quotes. Retrieved from http://www.vaniercollege.qc.ca/tlc/tipsheets/writing/integrating-quotes.pdf