Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

How Do I Cite Maps and Atlases?

Cite Maps and Atlases

Basic Form Examples

Map on a Single Sheet

Author. "Title" [format]. Edition. Scale. Place of publication: Publisher, Date. National Geographic Society. "South Asia, with Afghanistan and Myanmar" [map]. 1:7,345,000, 1"=116 miles. Washington: National Geographic Society, May 1997. 

Manitoba Natural Resources, Surveys and Mapping Branch. "Manitoba: Municipalities Local Government Districts 1988" [map]. 3rd edition. 1:1,000,000. [Winnipeg]: Manitoba Natural Resources, Surveys and Mapping Branch, 1987.

Map in a Topographic Series

Author. "Sheet title" [format]. Edition. Scale. Series, sheet number. Place of publication: Publisher, Date. Canada Dept. of Energy, Mines and Resources, Canada Centre for Mapping. "Brantford, Ontario" [map]. Edition 7. 1:50,000. Canada 1:50,000, sheet 40P/1. Ottawa: Canada Centre for Mapping, 1994. 

Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources. Ontario Base Maps] 1:10,000, sheet 10 17 5850 47900. Toronto: Ministry of Natural Resources, 1983.

Map in a Series (Not Topographic)

Author. "Sheet title" [format]. Edition. Scale. Series title and/or number. Place of publication: Publisher, Date.

Sado, E.V. and B.F. Carswell. "Surficial Geology of Northern Ontario" [map]. 1:1,200,000. Ontario Geological Survey Map 2518. Toronto: Ontario Geological Survey, 1987.

Facsimile or Reproduction Map

Author. "Title" [format]. Scale. Original place of publication: Original publisher, Original date of publication. As reproduced by, Place of publication: Publisher, Date. Melish, John. "Map of the Seat of War in North America" [facsimile]. 1813-1815. As reproduced by, Ottawa: Association of Canadian Map Libraries and Archives, ACML Facsimile Map Series #144, 1993.

Map in a Book

Map author. "Map title" [format]. Scale. Place of Publication: Publisher, Date. In: Book author. Book title. Edition. Place of publication: Publisher, Date, page. Hulbert, Archer Butler. "Map of French Forts in America, 1750-60" [map]. In: Archer Butler Hulbert. History of the Niagara River. Harrison, N.Y.: Harbor Hill Books, 1978, p.165.

Map in a Journal

Map author. "Map title" [format]. In: Article author. "Article title", Journal title, Volume (Date): page. "The Distribution of Canadian Multinational Headquarters in Ontario, 1992" [map]. 3.5 cm=50km. In: Stephen P. Meyer. "Canadian Multinational Headquarters: The Importance of Toronto's Inner City", The Great Lakes Geographer 3#1 (1996): 7.


Author. Title. Edition. Place of publication: Publisher, Date. Pelletier, B.R. (ed.). Marine Science Atlas of the Beaufort Sea: Sediments. Ottawa: Geological Survey of Canada, Miscellaneous Report 38, 1984.

Map or Plate in an Atlas

Map author. "Map title" [format]. Scale. In: Atlas author. Atlas title. Edition. Place of Publication: Publisher, Date, page. "Military Service" [map]. In: Joni Seeger and Ann Olson. Women in the World: An International Atlas. London: Pluto Press Ltd., 1986, plate 32.

Map in a Computer-based Atlas

Author. "Map title" [format]. Scale. Computer software title [format]. Edition. Place of production: Producer, Date of copyright or production. "Map of Prussia in 1791" [map]. Centennia [computer atlas]. Version 1995.5. Chicago: Clockwork Software Inc., 1995.

Map Produced Using GIS Software

Author. "Map title" [format]. Scale. Computer database title [format]. Edition. Place of production: Producer, Date of copyright or production. Using: Author. Computer software title[format]. Edition. Place of production: Producer, Date of copyright or production. "Percentage of Total Population with Italian as Mother Tongue, Hamilton CMA, 1991" [map]. 1"=15 miles approx. Census of Canada 1991, Hamilton CMA Census Tracts Digital Boundary File (g91ct537.exe) and Census of Canada 1991 CD-ROM [computer files]. Hamilton: Lloyd Reeds Map Collection, McMaster University, 1996. Using: ArcView GIS [GIS software]. Version 3.0. Redlands, CA: Environmental Systems Research Institute, Inc., 1992-1996.

Map on the Web

Author. "Map title" [format]. Scale. "Title of the complete document or site". Information date. URL, including the path and any directories necessary to access the document. (The date viewed) "Afghanistan" [map]. Visual Scale. The World Factbook 2: Afghanistan. (September 5, 2001)

Aerial Photograph

Author. "Title or frame number(s)" [format]. Scale. Flight title. Place of publication: Publisher, Date of image collection (NOT date of reproduction). Airborne Sensing Corp. "Aerial Photography, Spring 1985. Photos 62 and 63" [aerial photographs]. 1:5,000. Hamilton: Planning and Development Dept., Hamilton-Wentworth Region, 1985.

Dynamically Generated Map or Table

Data Producer. Name of database or source. "Title of map or table." [format]. Person who generated map or table; Software package used to generate map or table; <URL of main or first site page>. (Date map or table was generated). Statistics Canada. 2001 Census of Population. "Less than grade 9, population 20 years and over by highest level of schooling as % of Total Population...Hamilton [172 areas]." [map]. Generated by Cathy Moulder; using E-Stat; <>. (July 20, 2004).

Shapefile Generated from a GIS Dataset

Data Producer. Name of database or source. "Title of subset." [format]. Person who generated file; Software package used to generate file; Methodology used to generate file. (Date subset was generated). Statistics Canada. 2006 Census Census subdivisions (cartographic boundary file gcsd000b06a_e). "Indian Reserves in Canada." [ESRI shapefile]. Created by McMaster University Library Lloyd Reeds Map Collection, using ArcView 3.2, as a subset of the original dataset with csdtype = IRI. March 12, 2008.

Source: Clark, Suzanne M., Mary Lynette Larsgaard and Cynthia M. Teague. Cartographic Citations: A Style Guide. Chicago: American Library Association, Map and Geography Round Table, MAGERT Circular No. 1, 1992.

Ask Chat is Offline - Send an Email