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SOCIAL SCIENCES 1SS3 - Inquiry in the Social Sciences: Illegal Human and Animal Trafficking

Research and Writing in the Social Sciences

Citation Chaining

This video provides an overview of the research tool citation chaining, including its benefits and limitations. (2:40)

Transcript (PDF) | Transcript (.docx)

Backward citation chaining is the process of looking at a published work's references in order to find related works. This is done in order to: 

  • Learn about what has previously been said on this topic
  • Identify the central works related to a particular theory or topic

These resources will be:

  • Older than your article
  • Help you find past resources on this topic

Take a look:

  • At your article's reference list
  • Web of Science

Forward citation chaining is the process of looking at works that have cited your resource. This is done in order to: 

  • Find recent materials covering similar topics
  • Identify new findings and ideas on a topic

These resources will be:

  • Newer than your article
  • Help you find more current resources on this topic

Take a look:

  • Google Scholar
  • Web of Science

APA In Text Citations

Graphic highlighting tips for APA in text citation

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