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HISTORY 3W03 - Women in Canada and the US to 1920

How to Evaluate Resources

Not sure if a source is valid? This video explains how you can tell -- by using the CRAAP test. (2:10)

Transcript (PDF) | Transcript (.docx)

Evaluating Primary Sources

When evaluating primary sources consider:                                                             When evaluating online primary sources consider:

1. Reliability- Is it trustworthy?                                                                                  1. Authority- Who is responsible for the website?

2. Origin- Where did it come from?                                                                           2. Audience- Who is the intended audience?

3. Validity- Does it add to your research?                                                                 3. Accuracy: Where did the documents come from?

4. Accuracy-Are there any errors?                                                                            4. Content- Is it explained, organized and accessible? 

The National Library of Jamaica (2010). Evaluating Primary and Secondary Sources: An Online TutorialAvailable from: https://www.nlj.gov.jm/rai/CSEC/Evaluating%20Primary​%20and%20Secondary%20Sources.pdf

Evaluating Secondary Sources

When evaluating secondary sources consider:

1. Suitability- Is there relevant information?

2. Objectivity- Can you detect the bias?

3. Accuracy and Credibility- Corroborate with other sources and check references.

4. Currency- What is the date of publication?

5. Authority- Who is the author and publisher?

The National Library of Jamaica (2010). Evaluating Primary and Secondary Sources: An Online TutorialAvailable from: https://www.nlj.gov.jm/rai/CSEC/Evaluating%20Primary​%20and%20Secondary%20Sources.pdf

Critical Reading Strategies

1. Preview: See what you can learn about a text before reading it.

2. Contextualize: Situate a text in its historical, biographical and cultural contexts.

3. Question: Ask questions about the text in order to understand it.

4. Reflect: Consider whether this text challenged any of your preexisting beliefs. 

5. Summarize: Outline and identify main ideas in your own words.

6. Evaluate: Assess the credibility and logic of the text.

7. Compare:Consider similarities and differences between this text and others.

(adapted from: http://www.salisbury.edu/counseling/new/7_critical_reading

_strategies.html)

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