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Citation Styles

For information on a range of citation styles and elements, check out Purdue"s Online Writing Lab (OWL)  guides: 

APA Citation Style 

Chicago Style

Citation Management Tools


Zotero is free open source software, available for download on your computer or used online via the web. You can download on multiple devices and Zotero automatically synchronizes your data.

Mendeley is a free citation manager tool offered by Elsevier, providers of the Science Direct platform. You can download Mendeley on multiple devices and sync your citations across the devices using your online Mendeley account.

EndNote Basic, also known as EndNote Web, is a free web-based application offered by Clarivate Analytics and Web of Science. EndNote Basic is a stripped down version of the EndNote product that is available for purchase.


Academic Integrity

McMaster's Office of Academic Integrity strives to assist instructors and students with issues of academic integrity. The main purpose of a university is to encourage and facilitate the pursuit of knowledge and scholarship. This website provides information for students and instructors alike to assist with this purpose and to help avoid problems with dishonesty.
Office of Academic Integrity

Academic Integrity Policy - July 2020



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